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Taxes throughout the member states

The European Commission published a report in which it compares the trends in taxation in the Member States. In 2012, The overall tax-to-GDP ratio amounted to 39.4%, which is 0.5% more than the year before. Even in the euro area (EA-18), the share of taxes in GDP increased, from 39.5% in 2011 to 40.4% in 2012.

Tax to GDP ratio is the sum of taxes and compulsory social contributions in divided through national GDP and expressed as percentage.

The tax burden varies significantly among Member States, the lowest is in Lithuania (27.2%), followed by Bulgaria and Latvia (both 27.9%), Romania and Slovakia (both 28.3%) and Ireland (28.7%), while highest ratios are recorded in Denmark (48.1%), Belgium (45.4%), France (45.0%), Sweden (44.2%), Finland (44.1%), Italy (44.0%) and Austria (43.1%).

Between 2011 and 2012, the highest increases in tax-to-GDP ratios were recorded in Hungary (from 37.3% to 39.2%), Italy (from 42.4% to 44.0%), Greece (from 32.4% to 33.7%), France (from 43.7% to 45.0%), Belgium (from 44.2% to 45.4%) and Luxembourg (from 38.2% to 39.3%), the largest falls in Portugal (from 33.2% to 32.4%), the United Kingdom (from 35.8% to 35.4%) and Slovakia (from 28.6% to 28.3%).

The largest source of tax revenue in the are labor taxes with more than half of total tax receipts in 2012 (51.0% EU-28, 53.3% EA-18), followed by consumption taxes (28.5% EU-28, 26.8 EA-18) and taxes on capital (20.8% EU-28, 20.2 EA-18).

In Slovenia, the ratio of taxes to GDP increased slightly by 0.4% to 37,6% from 2011 to 2012 and is  bellow the EU-28, as well as the EA-18 average. Most taxes come from labor, 52.5 per cent, which is 0.8% above the EA-18 average and 1.5% below the EU-28. Following are consumption taxes, which constitute 37.9%, which is significantly above the EU-28 and EA-18 average, significantly below the average however is the share of taxes on capital, with only 9.8%.


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